There are about 34 species of deer worldwide that are divided into two major groups, namely the old world deer group which includes the subfamilia Muntiacinae and Cervinae; and the new world deer group, Hydropotinae and Odocoilinae.
Deer weight generally ranges from 30-250 kg, although the North Pudu average 10 kg, and the Moose an average 431 kg. They generally have a flexible body, compact and long, strong legs suitable for rugged forest terrain.
Deer are also excellent jumpers and swimmers. Deer are ruminants or chewers, and have four stomach chambers. Deer teeth are adapted to the vegetation it eats, and like other ruminants, deer lack upper incisors instead of having a heavy pad on the front of the upper jaw.
Some deer, such as the Chinese Deer, Tufted Deer, and Roe have enlarged upper canines to form sharp fangs, while other species often lack upper canines altogether. The cheek teeth of deer have crescent ridges of enamel, which allow them to grind a variety of vegetation.
The most easily recognizable feature of the deer is the antler or the so-called deer antler. Not an ordinary horn like the horn of a sheep. These deer antlers grow from living tissue in the form of solid bones which are generally owned by male deer which change their antlers every year.
This is because deer antlers are the fastest growing living tissue on earth. Antlers are also an important weapon for deer. With its horns, it protects itself from enemy attacks. Sometimes just seeing the horns of a predator will leave the deer alone.
With the presence of antlers, deer can protect themselves from their enemies. Apart from being beneficial for the deer itself, it turns out that there are other benefits that we can take, namely as an alternative medicine.
Deer antlers are known to warm and strengthen the body, increase blood and mental power, strengthen muscles and bones, and relieve fatigue. Deer antler, can also cure dizziness, hearing loss, myopic eyes, bone pain.
Some interesting facts about deer, including:
All deer are categorized as Artiodactyls because they have hooves and the number of toes. Male deer of all types have antlers called antlers except for the Water Deer from China which have sharp canines. Deer are widespread in the world except Antarctica and Australia. Researchers understand why deer cannot live in Antarctica due to cold temperatures, but why deer cannot survive in Australia is still a mystery. There is only one species of deer in Africa, namely Red Deer. Reindeer is the only type of deer where the female has antlers like a male deer. Deer were first identified in Europe and then brought to New Zealand. Deer have many muscles in the ears. This allows them to change the direction of the ears but they don’t have to move their bodies. Deer can listen much better than humans. Deer can pick up on frequencies that humans cannot. They can also turn their ears in any direction without turning their heads. Most people don’t know that deer are capable of swimming.
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