Thanksgiving Day is a holiday in the United States, which as the name implies, is intended as an expression of gratitude and gratitude when the end of the harvest season arrives. This kind of celebration is normally celebrated in different parts of the world under different names and patterns. In retrospect, Thanksgiving in North America has cultural roots from the British tradition that was brought to the “new continent”.
According to History In 1621, the Plymouth colony of England and the Wampanoag Indians shared an autumn harvest feast that is recognized today as one of the world’s first Thanksgiving celebrations. For more than two centuries, this day was celebrated by its own colonies and states. It wasn’t until 1863, in the midst of the Civil War, that President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day to be held every November.
Thanksgiving in Plymouth In September 1620, a small ship called the Mayflower left Plymouth, England, carrying 102 passengers – a diverse group of religious separatists looking for a new home where they could freely practice their faith and others who were captivated by the promise of prosperity and land ownership in the World.
New (American continent). After a treacherous journey lasting 66 days, they dropped anchor near the tip of Cape Cod, further north of their original destination, the Hudson River. One month later, the Mayflower crossed Massachusetts Bay, where pilgrims, as it is now commonly known, began work on building a village in Plymouth.
Throughout that harsh winter, most of the colonists remained on the ship, where they suffered from scurvy and a plague of contagious diseases. Only half of the Mayflower’s original passengers and crew stay to see their first New England spring.
In March, the remaining settlers moved ashore, where they had a visit from an Abenaki Indian who greeted them in English. A few days later, he returned with another Native American, Squanto.
Squanto is a member of the Pawtuxet tribe who had been kidnapped by a British sea captain and sold into slavery before fleeing to London and returning to his homeland on an exploratory expedition.
Squanto taught the pilgrims about various diseases, how to cultivate corn, extract sap from maple trees, catch fish in rivers and avoid poisonous plants. He also helped the colony ally with the local Wampanoag tribe, which lasted more than 50 years and is the only example of harmony between European colonizers and Native Americans.
In November 1621, after their first successful corn harvest, Governor William Bradford threw a three-day celebratory party and invited a group of Native American tribes, including the chief Massmiit Wampanoag. Which is remembered as America’s first “Thanksgiving” – although they may not have used the term at the time.
Although there are no records of the exact menu of the historic banquet, Pilgrim history writer Edward Winslow wrote in his journal that Governor Bradford sent four men on a “runaway” mission in preparation for the event, and that the Wampanoag guest arrived with five deer. Historians predict that most dishes used traditional American seasonings and cooking methods.
Because the pilgrims did not have ovens and the Mayflower sugar supply had dwindled with the fall of 1621, they did not serve the pies, cakes or other desserts, which have become a hallmark of contemporary celebrations.
Thanksgiving Becomes a National Holiday Day The second Thanksgiving was held in 1623 to mark the end of the long dry season that threatened that year’s harvest. During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress established one or more thanksgiving days a year, and in 1789 George Washington declared the first Thanksgiving by the national government of the United States; He asked Americans to express their gratitude for happiness over the country’s war for independence and the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. successful ones.
His successors John Adams and James Madison also designate Thanksgiving Day during their presidencies. In 1817, New York became the first of several states to officially adopt the annual Thanksgiving holiday; Each celebrates on a different day, however South Americans are largely unfamiliar with the tradition
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